Sarawak leaders divided over state’s actions to defend its rights

IN March last year, the Sarawak government established the state’s own oil and gas exploration company, Petroleum Sarawak Bhd (Petros), modelled after national oil company Petronas.

While many Sarawakians were trying to figure out what role the company would play alongside Petronas, which has absolute monopoly over the state’s carbon resources, alarm bells were reported to be ringing in the Twin Towers and Putrajaya on the Sarawak government’s intent.

Source: https://www.themalaysianinsight.com/s/131882

PETRONAS kekal pendirian sebagai pemilik eksklusif petroleum Malaysia

KUALA LUMPUR: PETRONAS kekal dengan pendiriannya bahawa ia memiliki pemilikan eksklusif sumber petroleum di Malaysia dan pengawal selia tunggal sektor huluan di negara ini.

“Melangkah ke hadapan, PETRONAS akan memantau keadaan dengan teliti, termasuk mendapatkan pandangan dan panduan dari kerajaan Malaysia, sebagai pemegang saham tunggal, dalam menjalankan tugas kami,” kata syarikat minyak negara itu dalam satu kenyataan, hari ini.

PETRONAS memberi maklum balas terhadap kenyataan yang dibuat Pejabat Ketua Menteri Sarawak semalam mengenai niat kerajaan negeri untuk menjalankan kuasa di bawah undang-undang negeri berkaitan aktiviti minyak dan gas di Sarawak.

Dalam kenyataan itu, kerajaan negeri Sarawak berkuatkuasa 1 Julai menggunakan kuasanya di bawah undang-undang negeri yang berkaitan, termasuk Ordinan Pengagihan Gas 2016.

Mengakui bahawa proses itu mungkin mengambil sedikit masa, kerajaan negeri berkata peserta industri dibenarkan untuk menjalankan perniagaan dan operasi mereka seperti biasa sehingga akhir 2019 sementara pada masa yang sama mengambil langkah-langkah yang perlu untuk memastikan pihak terbabit mematuhi undang-undang negeri.

Source: https://www.bharian.com.my/bisnes/korporat/2018/07/444254/petronas-kekal-pendirian-sebagai-pemilik-eksklusif-petroleum-malaysia

Minyak dan gas bertahan maksimum 17 tahun

PETRA JAYA: Pengeluaran minyak dan gas Sarawak dianggarkan mampu bertahan antara 15 hingga 17 tahun akan datang berdasarkan kadar pengeluaran 5,000 juta kaki padu gas standard sehari (MMSCFD).

Menteri Muda Hubungan Korporat, Abdullah Saidol, berkata anggaran tempoh pengeluaran minyak dan gas itu dilakukan berdasarkan piawaian nisbah rizab kepada pengeluaran.

“Justeru, adalah penting bagi kerajaan negeri kembali mengawal sumber terbabit melalui PETROS, termasuk menguatkuasakan pengawasan dan melindungi kepentingan minyak dan gasnya.

“Sehingga kini, pendapatan yang dijangka diperoleh Sarawak bagi sumber minyak dan gas adalah dalam lingkungan RM3 hingga RM4 bilion setahun.

“Kerajaan negeri konsisten mengekalkan permintaan menaikkan royalti minyak sebanyak 20 peratus,” katanya ketika menjawab soalan Aidel Lariwoo (GPS- Sadong Jaya), di Persidangan Dewan Undangan Negeri (DUN) Sarawak, di Kompleks DUN Sarawak, di sini hari ini.

Abdullah ketika mengulas lanjut, berkata Sarawak mempunyai 52.7 peratus rizab negara yang diketahui, selain berperanan menjadi pengeluar gas asli terbesar negara.

“Sarawak juga menjadi penyumbang terbesar melalui aliran pendapatan di loji Bintulu. Kerajaan negeri memberi mandat kepada PETROS untuk memainkansebagai pengawal selia utama dan menjadi pemain aktif dalam Kontrak Pengeluaran Bersama (PSC) gas di negeri ini,” katanya.

Beliau berkata, PETROS akan memperkukuhkan pengawasan sumber gas menerusi Strategi Jaringan Bersepadu bertujuan mengimbangi bekalan huluan dengan penggunaan hiliran.

“Ketika ini, tumpuan PETROS adalah mensasarkan penyertaan PSC untuk menjana pendapatan di Sarawak. Tindakan itu penting kerana PSC sekarang ini dikawal sepenuhnya oleh PETRONAS,” katanya.

Source: https://www.bharian.com.my/berita/wilayah/2018/11/496138/minyak-dan-gas-bertahan-maksimum-17-tahun

Pertikaian PETRONAS, kerajaan Sarawak berterusan

KUALA LUMPUR: Kes mahkamah antara PETRONAS dan kerajaan Sarawak, yang tidak dapat diteruskan atas faktor teknikal, menimbulkan persoalan mengenai operasi minyak dan gas di negeri itu mulai bulan depan.

Hari ini, Mahkamah Persekutuan menolak permohonan PETRONAS untuk memulakan prosiding bagi mendapatkan perisytiharan berhubung kuasa mengawal selia aktiviti huluan sumber minyak di Sarawak di bawah Ordinan Perlombongan Minyak 1958 (OMO) bermula 1 Julai.

PETRONAS dalam satu kenyataan berkata, permohonannya ditolak semata-mata atas alasan teknikal dan adalah diputuskan bahawa perkara itu berada di luar bidang kuasa Mahkamah Persekutuan.

“Mahkamah Persekutuan tidak menentukan atau mengesahkan merit kedudukan undang-undang yang diambil oleh kerajaan Sarawak untuk mengawal selia aktiviti huluan petroleum di bawah Ordinan Perlombongan Minyak 1958,” menurut PETRONAS.

Oleh itu, syarikat minyak nasional berkenaan berhasrat meneruskan tindakan undang-undang bagi mencari kepastian haknya di bawah Akta Pembangunan Petroleum 1974 (PDA 1974).

Bagaimanapun, Sarawak bertegas untuk menguatkuasakan hak pengawalseliaannya di bawah OMO.

Ini menyebabkan PETRONAS perlu memiliki lesen atau pajakan yang diperlukan di bawah ordinan berkenaan bermula 1 Julai ini, yang mana jika gagal, aktiviti huluan yang dijalankan oleh PETRONAS adalah haram dan tindakan yang sewajarnya akan diambil.

PETRONAS percaya bahawa konsesi kerajaan negeri dibawah PDA 1974 digubal secara sah, sekali gus menguatkan pandangan syarikat berkenaan bahawa hanya Parlimen boleh membuat undang-undang mengenai perkara yang berkaitan dengan industri petroleum huluan termasuk kuasa pengawalseliaan di seluruh Malaysia, baik di darat dan di luar pesisir berdasarkan PDA 1974.

“Keputusan Mahkamah Persekutuan tidak akan menjejaskan keupayaan PETRONAS untuk meneruskan tindakan undang-undang, dengan niat mencari kepatian hak dan kedudukannya di bawah PDA 1974,” katanya.

Hakim Besar Malaya, Tan Sri Ahmad Maarop, berkata pengisytiharan pelepasan yang dimohon oleh PETRONAS tertakluk di bawah bidang kuasa Mahkamah Tinggi.

Beliau menolak permohonan PETRONAS untuk memulakan prosiding undang-undang terhadap kerajaan Sarawak dan mengarahkan syarikat minyak nasional itu membayar RM50,000 kepada kerajaan negeri itu.

Dari perspektif undang-undang berhubung perebutan hak antara syarikat minyak nasional dan kerajaan negeri itu, NSTP difahamkan kedua-dua pihak mempunyai hak terhadap pemilikan kawal selia.

Seorang peguam menyatakan bahawa mahkamah kini berada di antara amalan konvensional Persekutuan ke atas negeri berkaitan Petroleum, dan mengembalikan hak kerajaan Sarawak terhadap mineral itu.

Jurucakap di pejabat Ketua Menteri Sarawak berkata, negeri itu menuntut hak pengawal seliaan dalam meneroka, prospek dan aktiviti perlombongan di negeri berkenaan.

“OMO tidak pernah dimansuhkan dan masih sah, ia tidak pernah dikawal selia di bawah ordinan itu, maka ia masih diguna pakai di darat dan luar pesisir Sarawak.

‘Dengan permohonan PETRONAS dibatalkan, kami kini boleh menguatkuasakan hak kawal selia termasuk memperoleh lesen atau pajakan di bawah ordinan itu,” katanya.

Permohonan lesen perlu mengikut seperti yang ditetapkan OMO dan dihantar kepada pihak berkuasa pengurusan dan mineral negeri melalui Petroleum Sarawak Bhd (Petros).

Di bawah Kontrak Perkongsian Pengeluaran (PSC), PETRONAS membayar lima peratus dari hasil pengeluaran kasar sebagai bayaran tunai kepada kerajaan Persekutuan dan Negeri.

PETRONAS, dalam satu kenyataan kepada Bernama, berkata jika pembayaran tunai kepada negeri pengeluar dinaikkan kepada 20 peratus daripada lima peratus, ia akan menjejaskan industri.

“Kenaikan bayaran tunai juga akan mengurangkan minat pemain industri menjadikan Malaysia sebagai destinasi pelaburan minyak dan gas,” katanya.

Sementara itu, pemerhati industri, berkata keputusan yang wajar akan diputuskan kepada kedua-dua pihak sekiranya mereka berjaya menyelesaikan perkara itu di luar mahkamah.

“Untuk pelabur (domestik dan asing), PETRONAS dan Petros perlu dilihat bersama dalam mewujudkan kadar yang konsisten bagi menghasilkan kestabilan dan konsistensi.

“Terdapat juga persoalan sama ada Sarawak, menerusi Petris mempunyai kemahiran atau sumber untuk menguruskan dan mengambil alih serta mengawal selia aktiviti perlombongan dan minyak,” katanya.

Pemerhati berkata, adalah wajar sekiranya negara memiliki satu badan pengawal selia daripada mempunyai badan berasingan yang mengawal aktiviti kegiatan perlombongan.

Setakat ini, PETRONAS melabur lebih RM183 bilion dalam sektor huluan Sarawak menerusi PSC dengan bayaran tunai berjumlah RM33 bilion yang dijalankan sejak 1976 kepada kerajaan Sarawak.

Bilangan syarikat yang berdaftar dengan PETRONAS sebagai vendor di Sarawak juga meningkat sebanyak 54 peratus sementara kini terdapat kira-kira 5,000 profesional penduduk Sarawak yang bekerja di PETRONAS seluruh dunia.

Source: https://www.bharian.com.my/bisnes/korporat/2018/06/440603/pertikaian-petronas-kerajaan-sarawak-berterusan

‘Unity the key to success’

KUCHING: Sarawak’s Malay community must preserve unity among themselves and with other communities so that the state can continue to develop.

Making this call, Deputy Chief Minister Datuk Amar Awang Tengah Ali Hasan said unity was the key to the community’s success over the years.

“But we cannot take this for granted. We need to identify our weaknesses and correct them for our unity to remain strong,” he said when opening a Malay cultural seminar here yesterday.

Awang Tengah said unity and development were the goals of the state government’s leadership under Chief Minister Datuk Patinggi Abang Johari Tun Openg.

“We want Sarawak to be a developed, high-income state by 2030.

“Various initiatives have been introduced to take back our oil and gas rights, such as amending the Oil Mining Ordinance and setting up Petroleum Sarawak Bhd (Petros),” he said.

Awang Tengah also reminded the Malay community not to ignore the rights of others communities in protecting their own rights and interests.

For instance, he said the setting up of the Unit For Other Religions (Unifor) should not be misunderstood.

“Unifor was set up to preserve the harmony in Sarawak’s multicultural society, where people from different faiths, cultures and backgrounds live together in unity.

“No single race can rule on its own without working together with the others. This is the reality.

“As Malays, we should be united and continue to respect and work together with the other communities in the state,” he said.

The three-day seminar was organised by the Sarawak Malay Cultural Foundation with the theme “Managing Culture in the Digital Era”.

The topics discussed included politics, education, rural development and leadership.

Source: https://www.thestar.com.my/metro/metro-news/2018/10/31/unity-the-key-to-success/

Sarawak still guarded in giving details of oil and gas talks

SARAWAK Chief Minister Abang Johari Openg today provided some insight into the highly secretive negotiations between state oil company Petroleum Sarawak Bhd (Petros) and Petronas over the latter’s new role in the state’s oil and gas industry.

He also touched upon the terms of the new resource-sharing agreement, following the state’s decision to fully enforce its Oil Mining Ordinance (OMO).

Source: https://www.themalaysianinsight.com/s/102569

CM relays S’wak’s oil royalty stand to students overseas

KUCHING: Chief Minister Datuk Patinggi Abang Johari Tun Openg has reiterated that Sarawak is constitutionally entitled to licensing rights over its oil and gas resources.

Even the authorities in Putrajaya had acknowledged the state’s rights on the matter, he told Sarawakians residing and studying in Britain during a gathering organised by the Sarawak Foundation in London.

“We have the licensing rights and Petronas’ is the development part,” he said in reference to the Federal Constitution’s provisions.

As such, Abang Johari said the state government through its oil and gas company Petros is collaborating with Petronas to ensure that Sarawak would stand to benefit from its oil and gas resources.

He added that although the state’s licensing rights had not been enforced in the last 40 years, Sarawak would not compromise on what lawfully belonged to the state.

The Chief Minister was in London with a delegation for a two-week study trip to Britain, the United States and Canada before a final stop in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, to meet potential investors.

Abang Johari visited the University of London and Oxford University to explore possibilities of collaboration that would pave the way for Sarawakian students to be given places in various fields of study.

In the US, he will visit Stanford University to look at its research activities and facilities and assess the prospect of similar collaborations with the university and others in Silicon Valley.

Abang Johari said Sarawak would continue to send students overseas to pursue studies in new disciplines which are not available locally, such as cybersecurity, programming and data science.

“Sarawakians need to acquire new knowledge in order to be acquainted with the new ecosystem and development trends around the world,” he added.

Source: https://www.thestar.com.my/metro/metro-news/2018/09/28/cm-relays-swaks-oil-royalty-stand-to-students-overseas/

Group wants Sarawak to end oil, gas talks with Petronas

THE Sarawak government must end the ongoing talks between state oil company Petroleum Sarawak Bhd and Petronas over a new oil and gas sharing deal.

State rights group Sarawak Association for Peoples’ Aspiration (Sapa), said the state government must stand up to its rights over oil and gas in the state.

Source: https://www.themalaysianinsight.com/s/99118

Job Vacancies

Date Position Location Level / Specialization
21 Sep Legal Counsel Sarawak Senior Executive / Law/Legal Services
21 Sep Senior Petroleum Engineer Sarawak Senior Executive / Oil/Gas Engineering
21 Sep Management Assistant Sarawak Fresh/Entry Level / Secretarial
20 Sep Economist Sarawak Junior Executive / Others
20 Sep Head, HSSE Sarawak Manager / Environmental Engineering

 

Hydrogen buses to debut on Kuching roads by March 2019

Abang Johari (middle) looks on as Soedirman (second right) and Jiang (second left) exchange documents. Also in photo are Abdul Aziz (first right) and Lu. Photo by Chimon Upon

 

KUCHING: Hydrogen fuel cell buses are expected to make their much-awaited debut on the roads of Kuching city by March next year.

Chief Minister Datuk Patinggi Abang Johari Tun Openg disclosed that three units of buses will be used as pilot vehicles for the state.

“We will try three buses first, as part of our pilot project and research (to improve and provide better public transportation system),” he told reporters today after he witnessed the the signing of memorandum of understanding (MoU) between Sarawak Economic Development Corporation (SEDC) and Foshan Feishi Automobile Manufacture Co Ltd China for the supply and delivery of these hydrogen fuel cell buses.

When asked on the cost of each bus, he said this is being negotiated but he assured that it will not be that expensive.

Earlier in his speech, Abang Johari said the state government is considering free rides for both locals and tourists to use these hydrogen-powered buses when they arrive for the trial run.

He also mentioned that the cost of such public transportation will be cheap, considering the fact that hydrogen is extracted from water, which is abundant in Sarawak. This is unlike other type of buses where costing is tied up to the global price of fossil fuel.

He added that the hydrogen production plant and fuelling station built by Sarawak Energy Berhad (SEB) is now under construction and expected to be ready when the hydrogen fuel cell buses are delivered here.

“In Sarawak, sometimes the public can be quite skeptical. When we talk about hydrogen, they think about hydrogen bomb. I have to educate people first. That is why the pilot project is important.

“We can see the success of other countries such as Germany and China in implementing this. But we want to convince Sarawakians first,” he said.

He conceded that he had to slowdown or postpone the light rail transit (LRT) implemetation in Sarawak to enable more funds to be allocated to improve facilities and infrastructure in the rural areas.

Despite this, he was confident that Sarawak can still improve its public transportation particularly in the Kuching city by using hydrogen as source of energy for the buses.

He also hoped the federal government will also play its part by upgrading the vehicle registration at Road Transport Department (JPJ) to include vehicles fuelled by hydrogen through water-based system.

Abang Johari also spoke about the possibility of Sarawak exporting hydrogen energy through Petros, as extra income for the state. He noted that scientific research is being done to make it possible to transport hydrogen almost in the same manner as LNG cylinders.

Signing the MoU today for SEDC was its general manager Soedirman Aini and witnessed by chairman Tan Sri Datuk Amar Abdul Aziz Husain, while Foshan Feichi Automobile was represented by its general manager Jiang Yong and witnessed by project director Lu Yong.

Source: http://www.cm.sarawak.gov.my/modules/web/pages.php?mod=news&sub=news_view&nid=2230

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